Europe is home for me - I was born in France, raised in Spain and spent much of my adult life in Switzerland. Today, I live in Eastern France so Europe is my backyard and traveling solo in Europe is something I do all the time. BUT - you don't have to live here to visit the continent on your own!
There's so much to see, the continent is so diverse, that being picky is useful. Below I'll run through some of the best places in Europe to travel alone, and why you should consider them.
Whatever you're looking for - culture, history, music, fun, romance, food - a backpacking trip through Europe will provide it. Your problem will always be too much to see rather than the other way around.
The core of Europe is made up of the 28 countries of the European Union: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Republic of Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden and the UK.
Switzerland, Norway and Iceland are the only countries in the region NOT members of the European Union - but that doesn't mean they're not great European destinations! And as I write this, the UK is working its way out of the EU, which will bring the number of member countries back down to 27.
While European countries are incredibly different from one another, certain things will still be familiar enough - whether it's traffic lights, fast-food chains or consumer products. You'll never be too far from something you know - if you need it!
You'll find absolutely everything here, from the most basic campground and hostel to the most luxurious palaces. You'll also find a huge diversity of prices and unexpected bargains when hotels find themselves with lower occupancy than planned. I always check hotel prices for deals or look at several dates and neighborhoods. I was just looking for hotels in Paris and while most in the center were out of my price range, those one metro stop away were perfectly reasonable.
I like this model - the tour is free but you tip the guide whatever you think s/he was worth at the end. When you look at prices of some commercial walking tours, you'll get much more for less in those cities that have these tours. Just search "free walking tour in [city]". I've found them in most cities across Europe.
Eating out all the time can be expensive in many European countries, but a trip to Europe does require some serious food sampling. If you're on a budget, consider going out for lunches. Many cities have lunch specials so you can seek those out - even top-rated restaurants may have them so if you want to eat great food at great prices, perhaps save some of your picnics for the evening.
Speaking of restaurants, beware of multilingual menus. There are plenty of good restaurants who translate their menus, but usually, when you see a huge menu with everything but the kitchen sink in six languages, you can be pretty sure it will be mediocre. The owners don't expect you to return - you're only a tourist, after all. Food and service reflect that.
Apart from Scandinavia, the UK and the northernmost parts of Europe, summer is my least favorite season. There are crowds, prices are sky high, hotels and restaurants are full, the weather is hot, and... this is the worst for me, but cities empty out of local people. A big part of travel is to interact with local people - so you don't want to visit when they're all left town.
Before you get on that plane you'll have done a lot of planning, I'll bet. If not, here are some suggestions that might help.
Frankly, you wouldn't pack any differently for Europe than you would for a trip inside your own country. If you're headed to cities, pack normal city clothes. If you're going hiking or biking or into the countryside, pack sportier clothes.
One must-take, in my personal opinion, are good walking shoes, because let's face it, Europe isn't really where you'll go to laze on the beach all day (you'll find more and better beaches on other continents!)
Another essential item is an anti-theft purse of some kind. Cities, like cities anywhere, have pickpockets where tourists congregate, so better safe than sorry. I've seen and been the victim of too many European sleights-of-hand to trust my valuables to a tote or a stylish (easy to open) purse.
This European packing list for urban areas should help in all seasons outside deep winter.
I'm assuming you've managed to find a flight so let's start with how to get around the continent.
There are many ways to travel around Europe, but I'll keep it short and name the top four:
I was born in Paris, but live in the foothills of the Jura Mountains and can see the Alps from my home (well, if I lean off the edge of my garden on a clear day I can see the right edge of the Mt Blanc...)
Thinking of France often means thinking of French food, not just the cuisine and the taste, but something called the "terroir", the place of origin, the fact that certain foods (and wines) can only come from certain places. French food isn't for everyone. Some things may seem quite exotic, but France's food also means incredibly fresh dairy, flaky pastries or mellow sauces. Being a foodie is one of the joys (and sometimes challenges) of living in France, but it's a challenge I'm prepared to meet.
Solo travel in France is quite easy. It's safe, public transport is fair to adequate in rural areas, and good to excellent in urban areas, and no one will skip a beat if you walk into a restaurant by yourself. If you're just starting your solo travels, this is one of the best places to do it.
Here are some pointers to get you started in case you don't know exactly where to go yet:
If you're coming from an anglophone culture, the US, parts of Canada, Australia, New Zealand and a few others, coming to Europe for the first time will definitely be a discovery but by starting with the UK or Ireland, you at least won't have a language issue. Also, there are many settlers from the UK and Ireland in what were once British colonies so the culture will to a certain extent be familiar, even if the accents aren't.
When you travel Europe solo, the level of familiarity of these countries will increase your comfort and safety level. There is an excellent network of public transport throughout, including low-cost flights (often cheaper than the train) that can fly you from city to city.
Some large and attractive cities will keep you busy with great food, superb history, interesting bookshops and culture... I don't know the region half as well as I should and while I have visited London, I have yet to write about this incredible city.
Outside England, here are two particularly noteworthy cities, ideal for the female solo traveler:
I've been to Italy more times than I can count, and I even lived in Turin for a year as a teenager. Most of my trips are short, since I'm not far from the Franco-Italian border and going to Italy for a day is perfectly feasible.
Like many solo travelers I can easily hop a bus or a train. The airline network isn't quite as good as in some of its neighboring countries but that is made up by the excellent ground transportation network (check train and bus schedules here).
You'll be perfectly fine traveling solo in Italy, although it's worth noting that English is not commonly spoken (outside the most touristed areas) and people are warm and effusive, which is lovely but can be surprising if you come from more reserved places.
Italy is, of course, a country for foodies but it's also a destination for women who love fashion and style, centuries of history, literature and culture, and music, especially classical and opera. I may have visited often, but I still have so much more to see! Here's something to get you started with your solo travel Europe ideas.
Portugal, right on the edge of Europe, is a country I've only started to know in the last decade or so. Growing up in Spain, Portugal – despite being just next door – was a sort of blank space on the map to the left of Spain. No one I knew had ever been there, and at the time it was a poor country few people ever visited (at least from Spain).
How things have changed!
Portugal is the darling of solo travel to Europe, and it's an ideal destination for women in Europe alone.
The food is fresh and innovative, the scenery ranges from lush forests to stunning beaches, the architecture is unique and colorful, and people are welcoming, although slightly less effusive than their Mediterranean counterparts. We sometimes forget that although it is in southern Europe, Portugal faces the Atlantic.
Portuguese character is different from Spanish, more serious and achievement-oriented. I was struck by the graciousness of the Portuguese and their pride in their country, and I'd like to return again and again.
If there's a country I can call home in Europe, this would be it. Although I was born in France, I didn't return until adulthood but I was brought up in Spain, spending most of my childhood and teenage years there long ago under the Franco regime.
I was mostly familiar with Madrid and the central part of Castilla, or Castile. Recently I've returned several times traveling alone and have started to discover the Basque country and Catalunya - and I've been hooked. For a relatively small country (it's about the size of France, not small but to put things into perspective, the US is 19 times larger) it is incredibly varied, so much so you'd think you were in a different country each time you cross a regional border. But then, the various independence movements in Spain do show that many people feel they are in different countries.
Spain is a wonderful country for solo travel: I've been doing it for decades and Spaniards are friendly and helpful even to those who don't speak the language. As is the case in many southern European countries, there is plenty of pickpocketing during tourist season so please, hang on to your belongings, especially in Barcelona but in cities generally.
Here are some highlights:
Along with Scandinavia, these countries of Central Europe must certainly be among the safest countries for women traveling solo in Europe. Not only that, but they also have excellent internal public transportation networks, with buses designed to connect with trains. (Why can't the rest of the world figure this one out?)
Before moving to France, I lived for years in Switzerland and worked in Geneva. Even once I did move to France, it was just over the border and I still go to Geneva regularly for work or to shop, so Switzerland is my second home. It also happens to be right in the center of Europe, which makes it so easy to branch out into the rest of the continent. It also serves as the second-largest EasyJet hub, so you can catch cheap flights almost anywhere in Europe.
For more on this lovely region:
Turkey isn't technically part of Europe, at least the largest part of it is not. But it holds a special place in my heart.
My father was Turkish, and although I don't know any of my Turkish relatives, I feel a kinship with the country, one that keeps me returning whenever I can. I have a Turkish name, which always stumps the airport authorities when they try to speak to me in a language I haven't spoken since the age of three and have therefore forgotten.
Each time I go, I feel a certain familiarity. Maybe it's the cadence of the language, which tugs at certain ancient strings, or the cooking, which I remember from childhood. Although I can't condone the direction the country is now taking, I still feel drawn to it.
I first visited Eastern Europe when it was part of the Soviet Bloc, when food was rationed and colors ranged from light grey to dark grey. Oh my, how things have changed!
When I first visited Prague in the early 1980s, the food was so bad I suggested friends bring along tins of tuna when they visited. Along the coast of former Yugoslavia, people looked so glum that one day I packed up and returned to Italy early.
Most countries of Eastern Europe are vibrant, exciting and filled with energy, and I can't get enough of them. Steeped in the strict history of the Iron Curtain, it's almost impossible to gauge the change that has taken place in just a few short decades.
Whether you're backpacking in Europe or glamping in luxury, here are a few things to help you hit the ground running:
This is the briefest of overviews about organizing your solo trip to Europe but I hope I've at least made you curious, or maybe even inspired you to come to my continent! I haven't seen it all, but I'm trying and I'll keep coming back to post to this page whenever I have a new European story for you.