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Places to Visit in Krakow: A Guide for Women Travelers

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15 May 2018—If you’re staying near Krakow’s main market square – and you should if you can – the first thing you’ll hear is the clip-clop of hooves on the smoothly worn cobblestones. The square is lined with elegant carriages, their costumed lady touts in full color coordination with the horses’ coats, harnesses and bridles, a festival of reds and blacks and whites.

Places to visit in Krakow - main market square and horse carriagesColor-coordinated outfits and horses parade along the streets of Krakow ©WOTR/Anne Sterck

You may hear a neigh or two but these horses are awfully well behaved.

Of the many places to visit in Krakow, the market square is the city’s heartbeat - and your starting point.

But wait - there's another sound: every hour on the hour, a trumpet player leans out of a window from the spire of St Mary’s Basilica. His short plaintive call once heralded the beginning and end of the day and informed Cracovians that the enemy had been kept at bay, that there were no fires burning anywhere and that they could sleep safely.

A Krakow visit is not at all quiet. With its huge cohort of young people – about a quarter of the 760,000 population – it’s no surprise the streets are filled with laughter and song.

And it’s all friendly.

You cannot walk more than a minute in the old town without being accosted by a tout.

"Would you like to take a tour? No? No problem. Have a nice day!"

It's hard not to fall in love with a city this polite.

Yet nothing in Krakow’s history really prepared it for tourist fame. If anything, the city should be grim, or at least recovering from one of its many tragedies.

We’ll get to the sights but first, you need to know a bit about the history of Krakow

Krakow's history is as noisy as its streets, yet the city should have been well protected from harm. After all, didn't Krakus, the city's founding father, slay the Wawel Dragon who threatened its inhabitants? You’d think that event would have cemented Krakow’s good fortunes.

But no. Instead of a dragon-free destiny, the city was bounced violently from tribe to tribe, until finally, in the 990s, the Kingdom of Poland came into being, with Krakow its capital. Successive invasions prompted the building of ramparts and gates, of which the Florianska Gate is a proud reminder.

At last, the promised Golden Age materialized during the 14th century under Kazimierz the Great, who enlarged Wawel Castle (considered Poland's spiritual heart), founded the city of Kazimierz (and encouraged Jews to settle there) and built what would become the Jagiellonian University, one of Europe's oldest. He commissioned Renaissance buildings and his rule attracted luminaries from the arts and sciences, turning Krakow into an intellectual hub.

Sadly all good things end and Krakow was thrown a curve ball when the Polish capital was moved to Warsaw, igniting a semi-friendly rivalry that continues to this day between the two cities.

Krakow's fortunes went downhill. More invasions, a Black Death epidemic that killed 20,000, and a series of partitions that stripped Poland of its sovereignty and placed it under the domination, at various times, of Russia, Prussia and Austria.

Only at the end of World War I would Poland regain its independence – but that victory would be short-lived and tragedy would soon reappear, this time in the form of World War II.

To avoid destruction by the Nazis, Krakow's mayor controversially proclaimed it an 'open city', undoubtedly saving it from destruction. When the Nazis marched in in 1939, rather than razing the city they set up their headquarters in Wawel Castle, the most revered of buildings. It was a slap in the face Poles still speak of with anger today.

places to see in Krakow - Wawel Castle grounds
things to see in Krakow - Wawel Castle at nightTwo different views of Wawel Castle - the grounds during the day and the street view at night, both stunning ©WOTR/Anne Sterck

While parts of Poland were absorbed by Germany, Krakow became the capital of what would be known throughout the war as the General Government or Governorate. Even the country's name was erased from history.

The Nazi rule of Krakow was harsh. The university's professors were sent to concentration camps, and in the ghetto, Krakow Jews were marched to Auschwitz, history's most horrific death camp, or shot on the streets. Only 10% of Krakow’s Jews would survive the war.

At armistice, just when Krakow thought it had tipped the odds, it was 'liberated' by the Red Army – and subjected to another four decades of tyranny, this time at the hands of the Soviet Union.

It would take the rise of Solidarity, the independent trade union, before Poland reclaimed its heritage and its name. Solidarity forced fair and free elections. Poland rejoined the world community, gave the Catholics a Pope and became part of the European Union. Krakow has since attracted an ever-growing number of visitors and its entire old town declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO.

Poles, Nationalism and the Holocaust

Many people know some 2.4 million Jews died in Poland during World War II as a result of war crimes and atrocities. Far fewer are aware that a similar number of non-Jewish Poles died.* The Nazi occupiers planned to eliminate Poland's leaders and intellectuals and Hitler ordered the "Germanization" of Poland.

A recent law approved in early 2018 seeks to reframe Poland's relationship to the Holocaust by preventing the use of the term 'Polish death camps'. The law, triggered by the ruling nationalist Law and Justice Party, claims that Poles were solely victims during World War II.

According to TIME Magazine, "Under the controversial Holocaust law, it is now considered a crime for anyone, apparently anywhere in the world, to accuse 'the Polish Nation' of complicity in crimes committed by the Nazis during World War II." 

However, as history has shown, most territories occupied by Nazi Germany were in some way forced to collaborate with the invaders, however grudgingly and little (or willingly and extensively). This in no way diminishes the heroism of those who resisted the Nazis.

* While many people dispute the exact figure, all agree it was extremely high, and that the number of Jews and non-Jewish Poles who were murdered was similar.

These Kraków attractions, experiences and neighborhoods should be on your list

Krakow is many cities within a city. You can spend your time in the Old Town, or in the Jewish quarters, or in the suburbs, or do as I did and meander or take the tram. It’s small enough to do that.

One of the best things to do in Krakow is to walk around and listen. You’ll hear things. The horses and bugle but also the clink of beer mugs, the ringing of the tram bells as you nearly step into their oncoming path, or music. In Krakow, you cannot escape the music.

Churches here seem made for evening concerts and your blood will chill when you hear a chamber orchestra perform Vivaldi and Mozart and Haydn against an ecclesiastical backdrop with perfect acoustics.

unusual things to do in Krakow - listening to chamber music in churchesTrying to hold my iPhone steady in the darkened Church during one of the most memorable concerts I've heard - music flowing along the walls like sharp drops of water

You don’t even have to go to church. Walk along any crowded street and the ethereal notes of a harp will float your way, or a violin, or a voice. With this many students, it isn’t hard to find one practising her craft in the shadow of a nearby tree.

For a more formal setting, settle in for an evening of Chopin at the Krakow Concert Hall (you can get advance tickets here).

Of course Krakow has many exquisite sights (or planes landing here wouldn’t be that crowded) so I’ll share a few with you but I won’t try to compete with any of the excellent guidebooks I’ve listed at the end of this page. No need for me to reinvent the wheel.

What to visit in Krakow - the old town

Life seems to begin and end around Krakow’s Old Town. You could spend days here and not wander beyond its confines. You’d see the Collegius Maius of Jagiellonian University, Krakow's most famous and the alma mater of Nicolaus Copernicus, the mathematician and astronomer who placed the Sun rather than the Earth at the center of the universe.

The pleasure of visiting this area is enhanced by the absence of cars (but beware cyclists and electric tourist carts – you won't hear them coming). As you walk, you’ll inevitably reach Wawel Castle and be drawn uphill through its gates. The castle, in addition to its historical importance, is reputed to be built on a strong earth energy center...

Krakow's main market square Rynek Główny is the place to see and be seen. Sit on the steps, in any of the cafés, or have a drink above it all on the first floor of the Cloth Hall, at the Café Szal. Beware though – you'll be tempted to take pictures but you’ll have to do it without a tripod, as they are not allowed. There's a wide balustrade and you can always rest your camera on that. The blue hour is best if you want to capture Europe's largest medieval square.

Main Krakow tourist attractions - Mariacki, or St Mary's
Best Krakow places to visit include light show on main market square
places of interest in Krakow - feeding the pigeonsFrom the top: the main market square during the blue hour; a light show on another side of the square featuring the city's smallest church - and venue of a nightly string quarter concert; and a woman feeding pigeons, unusual for local people who tend to see them more as pests than anything else ©WOTR/Anne Sterck

From your elevated vantage point you'll see three of my other Old Town choices. First, the "Little Louvre" pyramid of the riveting Rynek Underground Museum, built on and into the city's foundations (it gets crowded so I'd buy a ticket to skip the line). 

Second, you'll be facing Mariacki, St Mary's Basilica, a bit ungainly on the outside but inside, dazzling and exquisite.

And finally, the building you're on – the Cloth Hall – during the day houses a variety of souvenir stalls and shops. Shop #16 has tons of cookie-cutter items and the sales staff hover over you like hawks - not a pleasant shopping experience. Shop #18, on the other hand, is run by a friendly lady who stocks original items from a variety of artisans and artists.

Traveling soon? Beat the crowds when you visit Krakow and get your skip-the-line tickets ahead of time.

Rynek Underground Museum
St Mary's Basilica
Leonardo Da Vinci's Lady With Ermine
Wawel Castle

From top: carriages wait on main market square with Cloth Hall as backdrop; glass dome of the Rynek Underground Museum, as controversial in Krakow as the Louvre pyramid was in Paris; the intricate interior of Mariacki, St Mary's Basilica; and a close-up of the Mariacki ceiling ©WOTR/Anne Sterck

Or watch this brief video of Mariacki's interior

What I didn't do (but should have) was take a horse carriage ride. I was intrigued by the sales dance: the brightly costumed women hail you as you go by, asking if you’d like a ride. If you say yes, once you negotiate the price a man hops on and takes the reins, with the woman sitting decoratively next to him. Hmmmm. That said, it’s a lot less expensive than, say, a gondola ride in Venice and looks at least as fun.

World War II, the Jewish quarter and the post-war era in Krakow

However fascinating and intriguing, at some point you’ll have to tear yourself away from the Old Town and your stop of choice must be Kazimierz, where Jews and Christians lived side by side for centuries. It has plenty of historical sights, along with the Jewish Galicia Museum and a collection of intriguing street art. Pop in and out of delightful art galleries and the city’s trendiest (and tastiest) restaurants, cafés and bars.

Things to see in Kazimierz, Krakow - street art on every cornerThe Jewish quarter of Kazimierz is filled with art galleries, restaurants, cafés - and street art ©WOTR/Anne Sterck

Those of you who have seen Schindler's List, the Steven Spielberg film (or read Schindler's Ark, the book on which the movie was based), know the story of Oskar Schindler, a controversial character whose unusual career took him from German spy to Nazi party member to industrialist in Krakow, where he helped save more than 1000 of his Jewish workers from certain death at Auschwitz. His enamel and munitions factory is now a fascinating museum that traces not only his own accomplishments but provides powerful glimpses of Poland under the Nazis. (Spielberg’s film was shot in Kazimierz, by the way.)

If World War II interests you and you're considering day trips from Krakow, consider visiting Auschwitz, the horrifying death camp where millions were murdered by the Nazis. It's a difficult visit but a meaningful one, which I explain at greater length here. (Public transport is complicated but you can easily, as I did, book one of these day tours.)

To plan your immersion in Krakow's Jewish history, organize your visits to the following:
Galicia Jewish Museum
Schindler's Factory Museum
The Old Synagogue
Klezmer Jewish Music Concert

Day trips from Krakow - Auschwitz death campFencing around the infamous Auschwitz death camp ©WOTR/Leyla Alyanak

Some writers suggest you don't need a guide at Auschwitz and that everything is well signposted. I beg to differ. I had a guide and it made all the difference – a lot of the backstory isn't on the boards, and many of the guides are accompanied by historians who want nothing more than to share their knowledge with you.

Once you’ve explored the city’s World War II history, you might want to probe its post-war heritage. The best place to do that is Nowa Huta, a concrete suburb of planned Soviet architecture, designed to make this eastern suburb the 'ideal socialist' urban space. One highly popular way to visit the district is in an original East German Trabant. Wish I'd done that – those East German cars won’t be around forever. With the "first" Cold War crumbling (I suspect we're headed towards the second), relics of Soviet rule are becoming rarer.

Make your way more easily through Kraków. Purchase a city card and museum pass, or get a bird's eye view with the hop-on hop-off bus.

Best places to eat in Krakow

Like music, there’s something else you can’t get away from in Krakow, and that is food. It is exquisite and inexpensive and varied (as I discovered on my Taste of Krakow food tour).

With so much choice, you may be tempted to throw your hands up in confusion and run into someplace familiar, like the Hard Rock Cafe. Nothing against these good folk, mind you, but please don't.

Head out to sample some pierogis instead (calling them steamed dumplings doesn't do them justice), eating in a Milk Bar (for stodgy but delicious specialties) and... CHOCOLATE. I have only one word for you: Wedel's, on the main square. You can eat your chocolate or drink it, hot or cold, or get it gift-wrapped to take home. You'll be hooked, and you'll keep coming back. Ask my waistline.

Speaking of which... ice cream. I don't know what it is with this in Krakow but ice cream shops are as ubiquitous as foreign exchanges. Many shops have lines sneaking down the street but my top pick is the Ice Lab, something to do with nitrogen. All I remember is the smoke, and the taste. 

things to do in Krakow at night - pierogis
cool places in Krakow - shoops with many vodka flavor
every Krakow visitors guide will point you towards vodka, and alcohol signs like this oneFrom top: pierogis, easy to eat every day; vodka, every flavor under the sun; and alcohol - the most ubiquitous sign in Krakow ©WOTR/Anne Sterck

I don't drink but... Polish vodka. There are shops that sell every conceivable flavor and strength and where you can sample anything ranging from pepper to chilli to lemon vodka. I was with a group in one shop and asked for a glass of water. The saleslady looked at me in disgust. "This is a SHOP, not a restaurant," she spat, the sole instance of rudeness I witnessed during my entire week there. And then, of course, craft beer...

Here’s one thing I wish I'd known about: the memorial to Elvis Presley.

What travel bloggers have to say about their favorite Kraków experiences

Allison Green of Sofia Adventures: "As a solo female traveler, I fell in love with Kraków, especially Kazimierz, the old Jewish Quarter, where I felt incredibly safe day and night, with its great coffee shops and restaurants (and I loved stopping everywhere to photograph the gorgeous, creative street art)."

Nicole Labarge of Travelgal Nicole: "The highlight of Wieliczka salt mines, 300 metres below ground, is the magnificent and massive St. Kinga’s Chapel dating back to the 17th century, known for its fabulous acoustics and the Bible stories intricately carved on its walls by miners."

Kamila Anna Napora of My Wanderlust: "You can get zapiekanka - a typical Polish warm sandwich made of half a baguette,  mushrooms and melted cheese - at Okrąglak (Plac Nowy, Kazimierz) where day or night, the line is long but definitely worth the wait, especially at 3am after the crazy night out!"

Elisa Subirats of World In Paris: "Without leaving the tourist center it was easy to find restaurants, locals or cafés also frequented by locals and where it was easy to interact with them. One of my favorite places was Planty Park surrounding the heart of the city, the perfect place to get a glimpse of local life and people-watch."

Faye Haines of Delve Into Europe: "The place I loved most in Krakow was the Wierzynek Restaurant in the main square - it’s been open since 1364, has eight opulent dining rooms and incredible food, including the best mushroom soup I’ve ever had."

Stephanie Craig of History Fangirl: "While most people go to Wawel Cathedral, I wandered into the smaller Church of Saint Mary during a break from a conference and found that I had a super spiritual moment in the middle of a city that can feel overwhelmingly touristy."

Is Krakow safe at night for solo women?

Yes, by every measure. I would certainly steer clear of loud groups of drunken men late at night, but I'd do that anywhere. They are more of a nuisance than a danger and most times mean no harm.

I did, however, witness several instances of loutish behavior by tourists (mostly from the UK) who come here to celebrate a rite of passage – a graduation, engagement or wedding. I'm all for celebration. but one woman told me she had seen several men expose themselves and ‘measure and compare’ the bit they had exposed – right next to her table! Perhaps they were too drunk to notice they weren’t in someone's bathroom. It's a difficult call for Krakow's authorities (who did not witness this particular incident): keep visitors coming to Krakow without letting a few rotten apples scare everyone else away. But sorry, no.

Hotels in Krakow

Finding a place to stay in Krakow won't be complicated and there are hotels in every range, including short-term apartments through such services as Airbnb or Homeaway (find my take on Airbnb here).

Among the best Krakow hotels close to the Old Town are the elegant and stylish Polski Pod Bialym Orlem, near the Florianka Gate, and the boutique Indigo Krakow, part of the Intercontinental chain (without any of that chain hotel feel at all).

In the mid-range, you can try something different and utterly modern and stay in Kazimierz, the Jewish quarter, at the stylish Puro. Or you might prefer an apartment if you like your own facilities, like the Novum Apartamenty near the market square.

Krakow is not an expensive city and budget hotels are plentiful (as for hostels Krakow is full of them - just beware the noise in some if you're not a party animal!) Have a look at the Secret Garden Hostel in Kazimierz and be in the heart of the action.

Or click here to compare hotel prices in Krakow with HotelsCombined.

Krakow visitors guide and travel resources

Krakow is easy to get to and get around in. Here are a few additional facts that might help your trip.

  • The city of Krakow is well-served by rail and air (I flew straight into Krakow, which you can do directly from most European cities). If you're coming from overseas and land in Warsaw, you can fly or take the rapid train from Warsaw to Krakow (about three hours). City breaks to Krakow are easy from across Europe.
  • My best discovery was Walkative, a free walking tours Krakow tour company (actually, it's national). The tour is free, and you tip the guide whatever you want. It will usually be less than you'd pay for a regular organized tour, and the guides at Walkative were A-mazing! (They also have some paid tours but I was happy to stick to the free ones.) I took a street art tour and a World War II history tour. Both were excellent and you'll discover Krakow differently. (You can find them and alternatives on GuruWalk, a curation platform.
  • Beware your currency in Krakow: exchange rates can vary by a euro or more from one to the next. I was warned against exchanging on the main square, yet I found good rates there, as I did in the Jewish quarter. The worst I found was at Florianska 3, in the passageway.
  • Now, for Krakow food. I’ve already mentioned the divine iced chocolate at Wedel's on the main square (so good I have to mention it again). For the best pierogi in Krakow, try Pierogarnia Krakowiacy on ul. Szewska 23, just off the main square. They have all the traditional versions, plus some unusual ones like tomato mozzarella or duck with apple. For breakfast, I headed each morning to Fitgain Cafe on ul Szczepanska 7. Enormous breakfasts, excellent coffee, and a Pavlova to die for.
  • The best time to visit Krakow is the shoulder season. I was there in April, the weather was sunny, cool in the evening and short-sleeved weather during the day. Ideal! I suspect September and October would be similar. Summer can be very hot and crowded though. Winter isn't a great idea if you have sensitive lungs because many homes still burn coal for heating in winter and pollution can be bad. But – everyone raves about the Krakow Christmas market. So maybe a winter visit after all...

Wherever you go, don't forget your travel insurance! I use World Nomads whenever I travel and recommend it if you're under 66 (70 in some countries). If that birthday has come and gone, click here for travel insurance recommendations that cover you at any age.

Have you visited Krakow? If you have suggestions for anything I haven't covered here, please let me know in the Facebook comments below!

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