Updated 18 January 2020 — What are the safest countries for women?
This is actually an odd question and frankly, we shouldn't be asking it at all.
Women should be able to travel anywhere, period. I agree. But for now, reality has decreed otherwise. I would love not to be writing this page. I would love it to be superfluous, outdated, ridiculous even.
But the reality is that women do travel differently than men, especially when we travel solo, and especially if we happen to be LGBTQ+, disabled, belonging to a racial minority... and no amount of rebellion or irateness or burying our head in the sand will change that.
Our best option (and this is my personal opinion, doesn't have to be yours!) is to acknowledge the differences and dangers, do our best to circumvent them, and keep traveling with a vengeance.
Eventually, by consistently being out there, we won't stand out, raise eyebrows or be seen to encourage approaches. Maybe men will change. Maybe society will change.
But we, certainly, will change.
Our confidence and empowerment will take us where WE want to go, not where everyone else thinks we should go. Or shouldn't go.
Few days go by without my being contacted by women travelers asking about female travel safety and safe solo trip destinations for women. Many of them are first-time solo travelers, older female solo travelers or women who have only visited cultures similar to their own and are about to take a big step out of their comfort zones.
It's easy for seasoned travelers to sit back and bravely say, "You can go anywhere you want to!"
But if you're a first-time solo traveler, it's reasonable to have questions and fears.
About points of view
One thing to remember is that travel as I describe it here is overwhelmingly experienced by women who are white and Western. Yet race plays a major role in safety, as do such factors as nationality, social status, income and sexual orientation. While anyone who can afford it can and should travel, the dangers each one of us faces can be magnified by discrimination. To this end I've tried to include resources that highlight a variety of points of view (you'll find some at the bottom of this page).
Another important consideration is that this list is not ABSOLUTE. I have used available online materials and combined them with my own experience. But for each country I call safe, a hundred people will maintain they had their worst travel experience there. So please understand this is partly based on data and partly based on opinion and experience. And it can all change in a day.
It's important to understand there are no guarantees in travel, especially solo vacations and trips, and that no place is perfectly safe, not even home.
We should try to put the odds on our side when we travel to places that are foreign, where we don't speak the language, don't know the rules and can't interact appropriately under pressure.
No two places are created equal. Chances are I'll be safer walking down a sophisticated city street than in the middle of a war. Yet as terrorist attacks have shown with alarming frequency, violence can strike anywhere, in the shadow of the Eiffel Tower, in a war zone, or at the nearest mall or school.
Since there are no guarantees, what we can do is choose wisely, do our homework, be cautious - and enjoy ourselves to the max because the rest is out of our hands.
Seoul and Istanbul, two of my favorite cities
How do you choose the safest travel destinations? (and some great tips for traveling alone)
We need to define 'safety'.
What makes a place safe or unsafe? A number of factors are at play here.
1. personal perception and factors
First, there is our personal perception. Do we feel a place is dangerous?
I have a friend who opted not to go to Morocco because it is in Africa, "where there is Ebola". You may remember the major Ebola outbreak in 2014 in three West African countries. It was the largest in history, took two years to stamp out and killed more than 11,000 people. That is a terrifying thought.
Now let's place that Ebola outbreak in context: the epicenter of the epidemic was 2800 kilometers (1750 miles) from Morocco as the bird flies, nearly twice as far by road. That's quite a distance (farther than from Minneapolis to Miami!)
But her perception was that because it was "Africa", the danger was everywhere. And so she didn't go. You might react differently, so perception is of utmost importance in shaping what you understand as a safe place - or not.
Personal factors, too, come into play, age in particular. For example, in many societies, younger women on their own are more vulnerable than older ones, and that's something to be aware of.
I rarely felt as safe as walking along country roads from Moulay Idriss, near Fes, Morocco, to the ruins at Volubilis
2. safety thresholds
You may think walking high up on a mountain path is a wonderful thing - I'd feel I was putting my life in danger. I have vertigo and tend to be attracted to open spaces next to high ledges. That same mountain path may be perfectly safe for you but life-threatening to me.
3. environmental factors
Safety and danger can come from environmental factors that make a place unsafe for solo female travel (or any travel, in some cases):
- natural disasters, such as frequent earthquakes, volcanic action, cyclones, tsunamis, avalanche, landslides...
- other natural threats such as wildlife or extreme isolation or rugged terrain
- high crime, violence or urban threat
- internal conflicts, political unrest or demonstrations, with riot police and all
- war or a high state of alert, as well as post-conflict countries littered with landmines and unexploded ordnance
- corruption, which makes navigating a country difficult and potentially more dangerous
- discrimination increases danger thresholds and can lead to violence
- low status of women, which predisposes societies to treat women with diminished respect and is particularly worrying to those of us who travel solo
- extreme economic disparities, with huge poverty and excessive wealth living side by side (under these circumstances, foreigners can easily be targeted as rich - even when they are broke backpackers; after all, we were able to pay for our trip, right?)
4. exact location of unsafe places
Just because there's a problem in a country doesn't mean the ENTIRE country is a dangerous place. The Turkish-Syrian border remains a region to avoid, but plenty of travelers (including myself) still visit other cities in Turkey.
Even in the world's safest places, there are some no-go areas - inner-city neighborhoods, deserted roads and countryside or parks after dark, so don't judge an entire country by a single region.
Every city has its neighborhoods...
Safe travels: how to assess the safety quotient of a place
There is an abundance of resources to help you decide the best places to travel solo.
- Many western countries have government advisories through their foreign ministries or in the US, the State Department. (You'll find links in the resources below.) They provide a list of countries with warnings and alerts about safety and security. While they are useful, the last thing a country wants is to mount a rescue operation for a misguided citizen, so they tend to be a bit alarmist. If you use them, compare what they say and remember - they are trying to scare you - at least a little).
- One way to bypass these advisories and find information in a single convenient place is by downloading the Geosure app, a new (free) service that scrapes the data from government advisories and many more international, UN and national sources to deliver a safety rating for many countries - and a unique rating of safe countries for women. I explain in detail how you can use it to find out where it's safest to travel.
- Keep on top of the news - it's still the quickest way to know what's going on. But do take it with a grain of salt. Reporters are only human, and only as good as the information they are given or events they are able or allowed to see. Use news sources with reliable international bureaux and a strong tradition of international coverage, like The Guardian or Al Jazeera English or the Washington Post.
- Google. Of course. "How safe is xxx..." You can also sign up for Google news alerts right in your Inbox so you will be notified whenever your destination is mentioned in the news.
- Check Twitter. If something just happened at your destination, Twitter will probably have it first. But since social media can be inflammatory, double-check every tweet with a factual source.
- There are several expat forums and sites, and some of the most accurate and immediate news you'll get will be from them - Search for "expat blog [country]" or "expat forum [country]". People on the sites actually live at your destination and if something is happening, you can bet they'll be talking about it. Ask questions, take the local temperature.
- If you don’t frequent travel forums (see my list of good travel forums) or solo travel facebook groups, you should! These places are treasure troves of first-hand experience to help you make wise decisions when traveling by yourself. You can either search to see if other people have already mentioned your destination and safety concerns, or you can start your own thread or ask your own question. You'll find a list of useful groups and forums in the resources section below.
- Local tourism websites sometimes have breaking news, although the situation would have to be pretty dire for them to warn tourists away. Still, they're usually good for essential local information, like emergency phone numbers and English-speaking tourist police services.
- Travel blogs, bien sûr! If a blogger happens to be on site, she may write about it while still in-country. Have a look at a few of my own favorite travel blogs for women!
- Real people are great sources of information - friends, friends of friends who have recently come back from where you're going. If you don't know anyone personally, you can always post on Facebook and ask your friends if they know anyone who has just returned from that country.
- For health warnings, be sure to visit the travel sections of the WHO and the CDC, in case there's an Ebola or other deadly epidemic to avoid, or if you need a new vaccine.
Please don't forget your travel insurance! Women on the Road recommends World Nomads if you're under 66 (70 in some countries). If that birthday has come and gone, click here for travel insurance recommendations that cover you at any age.
So then... what ARE the safest countries to visit for the female lone traveller?
I've scoured the web for opinions and added my own from personal experience, so what follows is a selection of places most women travelers consider safe.
No entire country (barring a few of those at war) can be tarred with either the "safe" or "dangerous" brush. Some countries are mostly safe, others are mostly dangerous, others are both dangerous and safe, depending on the town or neighborhood. So please accept these as broad generalizations, designed to give you a sense of risk rather than an all-out characterization. This is a partly subjective list, based on my personal experience AND on the Global Peace Index.
safest countries for women in western-type societies
- Northern Europe (Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway, Sweden) - Scandinavia consistently ranks among the world's happiest (and safest) countries, with Iceland leading the Global Peace Index most years and usually deemed the safest country for women. You can easily add Belgium and the Netherlands to this list.
- Most Western European countries can be considered safe for solo female travel, although countries in the Mediterranean region can be a bit more daunting, as men are far more vocal about women than their northern neighbors might be used to...
- Canada and USA (largely comfortable for solo women travelers but not evenly safe throughout – think huge empty expanses and dodgy neighborhoods – and wildlife); I'd definitely ask a local before wandering off the beaten path in major cities
- Australia and New Zealand. Melbourne seems to have a great reputation for female safety (I haven't visited Australia yet so I can't confirm it but those in the know think so) and New Zealand consistently comes in at #2 or 3, right after Iceland or Finland. That said, both countries do suffer from natural disasters.
Again, and I can't say it enough, there is no blanket guarantee and while most of a country or a city might be safe, that doesn't mean things don't occasionally happen.
safest countries to travel to in Africa, asia and latin america
- Asia tends to be safe for women travelers, especially the eastern part of the continent. Countries like Thailand are laid back and polite, making it easy for pretty much anyone to travel safely. In Japan, often your biggest danger is getting lost, due to the lack of English, although there is a risk of natural disasters (tsunamis and earthquakes). South Korea is quite safe - I spent 2-3 weeks visiting on my own but as in Japan, the alphabet and language can be an obstacle (not to mention the hot and cold political winds blowing in from North Korea). Singapore is consistently rated as safe for men and women, and I've traveled solo at many ages in many places in Malaysia and always felt perfectly comfortable.
- In the Middle East, Dubai and the UAE are less conservative than some of their neighbors. I'd also add Oman and Jordan to this list. Qatar too. And Israel. Lebanon is also high on the list, acting as a bit of a bridge between Western and Eastern societies.
- In Latin America, Panama is a wonderfully warm and welcoming country. Beware though - it's not safe everywhere. Some cities, like Colon, and the outskirts of Panama City's Old Town, are no-go zones. Uruguay is consistently quoted as safe, as is Chile, but not having been to either, I cannot say. I visited Colombia's coffee region not too long ago and while safety might be uneven in the country, I certainly wouldn't stay away. Cuba, too, is a great country for solo travel, although it's becoming increasingly difficult to visit for US citizens.
- The safer and more tourism-oriented countries of Africa, those where there is no conflict or imminent danger of terrorism or piracy, are the best destinations for solo female travelers considering safety issues. Africa may not be the best choice for first-time solo travelers because tourism infrastructure isn't as developed but if you're tempted - GO! It's one of my favorite regions. Mega-cities like Nairobi or Johannesburg used to be overcome with crime but things are slowly improving (although Nairobi has suffered several terrorist attacks in the past few years). It would be worth checking out some of the smaller countries like Malawi, or a behemoth like South Africa, where I traveled solo for several months.
The Netherlands, like the rest of northern Europe, among the safest places for women to travel alone
Countries perceived as less safe, but mostly fine with a bit of extra caution
- Certain corners of Europe: the vast majority of each country would qualify as safe but there are a few regions or city districts - suburbs on the outskirts of Paris or Lyon, for example - where you'd have to be more cautious. Despite the bad rap Eastern European countries get when it comes to racism, some women writers of color report fabulous experiences and are trying to debunk these myths. See below for more resources.
- Southeast Asia is mostly safe, although there have been a few unsettling incidents of violence aimed at foreign visitors, not to mention political unrest. That said, a bit of alertness and some research before you head off should be enough, especially if elections are taking place or were recently held or hotly contested.
- Kyrgyzstan and Uzbekistan in Central Asia, which I visited recently, felt inherently safe although bride kidnappings are still known to occur in Kyrgyzstan; in Uzbekistan, the constant police presence makes it difficult for anything untoward to happen
- Morocco is another country I've been to often and loved, although sexual harassment - usually verbal - is quite common and can be invasive
- Turkey belongs on this list. Some of the more touristy regions, like Istanbul and Cappadocia, are fine, although I'd keep an eye out for news of occasional demonstrations or political unrest or yes, terrorist attacks. I'm much more cautious about Istanbul now than I used to be... but I still feel absolutely safe as a solo female traveler in the city.
I've traveled in all of these destinations on my own and have felt safe. They may not be at the top of the list of safest destinations, but with a bit of research and planning (and a dollop of luck) there's no reason a trip to these countries shouldn't be perfectly simple and pleasurable.
Most dangerous destinations for women traveling alone
Again – every single recommendation here is subjective. I know plenty of women who travel to dangerous places, and others who won't visit most places on my "safest" list. It's a personal choice.
So here are my picks for least welcoming solo female travel destinations.
- Any country or region at war or in conflict, like Afghanistan, Somalia, Syria, Yemen or Iraq – no ands, ifs or buts, just stay away.
- Destinations in the throes of a natural disaster or in recent recovery – Aceh in Indonesia right after the tsunami, Bangladesh during floods (although disaster tourism is a thing and it does exist). Once the emergency is over, tourism actually helps rebuild shattered destinations, as has been the case in Sri Lanka
- Pakistan (I hesitate because I know women who have traveled there and loved it), but I'd certainly stay away from any border
- North Korea (a rogue state, and one where danger could flare up quickly). That said, plenty of women travel there on tour (there is no independent travel) and are happy with their experience. I'd rather not...
Clearly, this list is anything but exhaustive. It is designed to give the sensible solo traveler some food for thought and to encourage you to do your homework and be prepared, taking responsibility for your choicces.
Safety should always be your primary concern.
But - there can always be an exception to absolutely everything I've said so far. Many women travel safely to countries deemed dangerous, while others experience danger in the safest of places. There is no cookie-cutter approach.
Choosing where you go and preparing well for it is the best guarantee of having a wonderful travel experience!
common safety questions from women
What is the safest country for women?
It's impossible to name ONE but the top spots tend to be taken by Iceland, Finland and New Zealand.
What are the safest places in Europe to travel alone?
Iceland and Finland get top marks, although the continent is generally safe for solo female travelers.
What are the safest Asian countries to visit (including the Pacific)?
Singapore usually wins hands down for Asia's safest country to visit, although New Zealand weighs in when you include the Pacific region.
What are the safest countries in Africa?
Botswana and Namibia are often considered among the safest countries to visit in Africa, and if you include the Indian Ocean, you can add the Seychelles to that list.
What is the safest country in Latin America for solo women?
Chile and Uruguay tend to be considered the safest South American countries for women travelers.
What are the safest places for a woman to travel alone in the US?
There are plenty of lists, but they seem to have a few cities in common: Seattle WA, New York City, Honolulu HI, Portland OR...
travel safety resources for women
forums and groups for your travel safety questions
government travel advisory listings
travel resources for women of color
travel resources for lgbtq+ travelers
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