International pet travel - or the art of taking Fido along when you go abroad.
Of course by pet, I mostly mean dog, although cats are popular companions too. Dogs make particularly good travel companions - a dog offers rapport unlike human traveling partners. They don't argue (about restaurant choice, for example); they are willing to tag along anywhere.
On the other hand, your pal may suffer from the same fears as we do - heights, small spaces, and other phobias.
Pet travel rules vary from country to country, and you'll find a list of resources at the end of this page. Some countries love our animal friends and welcome them with open arms while in others, animals are exploited, used, or ignored. Some require microchip identification, some may enforce lengthy quarantine periods, and most require a full vaccination program.
Some countries won't let animals in at all.
Whatever your mode of transport or destination, there are basics to consider.
One last word - it takes time to get your dog ready for a long trip, whether for vaccinations, international pet insurance or the paperwork that is often required. So if Fido is accompanying you - best start planning early.
Traveling back and forth across borders (Canada, United States, and Mexico) within North America is fairly easy. Generally, all that is needed is a valid rabies vaccination certificate, though exceptions exist. Dogs may be inspected for illness at the border.
If you are traveling to the United States from overseas, you may require particular Import Permits. You'll also have to check the individual state as each has its own regulations.
Canada and United States are dog-friendly and off-leash parks are fairly common. Mexico has numerous pet-friendly vacation spots. For more information on pet-friendly travel in North America, see the resources at the end.
There are plenty of rules around travel with dogs, though. For example, they aren't allowed in restaurants, shops and many other public buildings in North America.
On the other hand, canines are welcome in many buildings in Europe - once you get Fido across the border that is.
Some European countries work under the Pet Travel Scheme, which allows pets to travel between member countries without quarantine. Though each member country has its own particular procedure, basically each animal requires an embedded microchip and rabies vaccinations.
Some countries may also require treatment for fleas, ticks and tapeworms within 24 to 48 hours before entering the country. A veterinarian's document stipulating that the dog is healthy enough to travel is also sometimes required.
Africa is not ideal for traveling with your dog. Many stray dogs roam the continent, and may be infected with rabies. Keeping your dog away from other dogs is best - although nearly impossible, so in most of Africa taking your pet may be problematic.
Many animal-related diseases, which exist in other parts of the world, are nonexistent in Australia, so dogs entering the country are extremely strict. You'll need to apply for an AQIS import permit and have it accepted before your pet is allowed. Your request will be turned down if the risk is deemed too high.
New Zealand considers the country of origin. Dogs from rabies-free countries will have to be tested, but won't have to be quarantined. Dogs from countries that have a low incidence of rabies must follow a strict vaccination procedure including blood and other tests. No matter their origin all canines are inspected for ticks.
Both countries place animals traveling from most countries in quarantine for at least 30 days.
Virtually each island in the Caribbean has different rules. Jamaica, for example, doesn't allow any animal imports except from the United Kingdom. The U.S. Virgin Islands basically needs a health certificate from your veterinarian, a proper rabies vaccination, and an examination on arrival.
India allows one pet per visitor, but regulations depend on your country of origin. They require a veterinarian certificate stating that the animal is free of parasites, Aujeszky's disease, distemper, rabies, leichmaniasis, and leptospirosis. India is becoming quite pet-friendly as dogs are become increasingly popular, especially among the new rich, who tend to prefer high-status breeds. Unwanted mongrels still roam the streets, often carrying and spreading rabies. Because there are concerns about the availability of rabies vaccines some of these mongrels are being herded and poisoned with strychnine.
In Israel, up to two healthy dogs with rabies vaccinations are allowed in with each owner. No import permit is required as long as they have a veterinary certificate.
Many of the countries in South America are quite dog-friendly, even allowing well-behaved canines into their stores. Countries, such as Brazil, need a sanitary certificate and rabies vaccination.
As you can see there are as many rules as there are countries. As a woman abroad the possibility of bringing along your dog, however complex, is worth looking at seriously.
Whether you're on a short trip or a long journey, chances are you'll be taking plenty of public transportation.
If you're one of the fortunate few renting a car, check the small print before you rent; not all agencies allow pets in their cars. Even the potential fur left behind is a cause of concern. Some companies insist a dog be kept in a crate at all times while in the vehicle, while others will charge more for cleaning or damage inflicted (throwing a blanket over the seat can help!) So please check with the individual location - policies can change from town to town. If you can rent a car, your dog will love watching that passing scenery.
Chances are, however, you'll be riding buses and trains. In North America, dogs are either forbidden or forced to travel as baggage. Regulations vary on European trains. You may have to buy a ticket for your dog and even then he may not be allowed to have the seat. Buses, because of their limited space, are stricter in their policies.
The one major trip your dog will probably have to take is the flight to and from home. As a rule, dogs travel as cargo. Lighter dogs can sometimes travel as cabin baggage under the seat. Dogs as cargo require some thinking - pets have been known to die in flight due to bad health or too much heat. So follow the airlines' instructions to the letter, and choose pet-friendly airlines.
Sometimes it's wiser and easier to leave your pet behind. Camps, dog sitting services, and kennels are a few of the many options.
The following external resources should help with additional information:
Cheryl Smyth has been a photographer for almost 20 years and has recently added writing to her repertoire. She loves to explore the diversity of the Canadian landscape with her dog, Tessi. Some of her photography and travel stories can be found on her website www.cstravelsandpics.ca